The mango, Mangifera indica L , Scientific Classification
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Order: Sapindales
- Family: Anacardiaceae
- Genus: Mangifera
It grows in a perennial tree of medium to large size with a symmetrical top. It flowers in panicles ten to twelve inches in length. The flower is hermaphroditic with male and female flowers in the same flower panicle. The fruit varies in size and has a fleshy pulp. The skin is leathery and varies in color from yellowish green to red. The seed is found in the center of the fruit.
Mango trees (Mangifera indica L.) grow up to 35–40 m (115–130 ft) tall, with a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). The trees are long-lived, as some specimens still fruit after 300 years. In deep soil, the taproot descends to a depth of 6 m (20 ft), with profuse, wide-spreading feeder roots; the tree also sends down many anchor roots, which penetrate several feet of soil. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, 15–35 cm (5.9–14 in) long and 6–16 cm (2.4–6.3 in) broad; when the leaves are young they are orange-pink, rapidly changing to a dark, glossy red, then dark green as they mature. The flowers are produced in terminal panicles 10–40 cm (3.9–16 in) long; each flower is small and white with five petals 5–10 mm (0.20–0.39 in) long, with a mild, sweet odor suggestive of lily of the valley. The fruit takes three to six months to ripen.
The ripe fruit varies in size and color. Cultivars are variously yellow, orange, red or green, and carry a single flat, oblong pit that can be fibrous or hairy on the surface, and which does not separate easily from the pulp. Ripe, unpeeled mangoes give off a distinctive resinous, sweet smell. Inside the pit 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) thick is a thin lining covering a single seed, 4–7 mm (0.16–0.28 in) long. The seed contains the plant embryo.
mango grows best in well drained sandy loose soil with a pH between 5.5 y 7.5, in a dry tropical climate with rainfall between 200 y 2,500 mm per year. It needs two to three months of a dry spell to induce flowering. The optimum air temperature is between 23.7 y 26.6 ° C.
in lubuklinggau Mango is a dessert fruit and also processed to various products by the society . Ripe fruits can be sliced and canned or processed to juice, jams, jellies, nectars and preserves. Lubuklinggau cultures use unripe mangos for pickles, chutney and relishes. In Lubuklinggau mango also uses as a traditional medicine for hemorrhoid because raw mango consists of about 81.7% water, 17% carbohydrate, 0.5% protein, 0.3% fat, and 0.5% ash. A 100 g (3.5 oz) serving of raw mango has 65 calories and about half the vitamin C found in oranges. Mango contains more vitamin A than most fruits. And the most important thing mango is as the commercial crop in lubuklinggau.